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Hypothyroidism in pregnancy: which diet to follow, which habits to follow. Useful tips to reduce the discomfort that this disorder involves during gestation.
The thyroid is a gland that carries out important functions for the health of our body. It is located at the base of the neck, in front of the trachea. It produces two hormones: thyroxine known as T4, and triiodorothyronine known as T3.
The thyroid also performs vital functions during pregnancy. Maintaining normal t3 and t4 levels during pregnancy is of fundamental importance for fetal development. T3 and t4 also have an impact during postnatal development: they affect body growth and the development of the newborn's nervous system.
Hypothyroidism in pregnancy, the effects
Can hypothyroidism in pregnancy compromise the health of the mother and baby? Yes, and it can also lead to termination of pregnancy.
To ensure the baby's health, the mother must follow the prescriptions and pharmacological treatments indicated by her doctor very carefully, taking care not to increase or decrease the doses.
Hypothyroidism in pregnancy, symptoms
When you are pregnant, you are not always prompt in identifying the disease since the symptoms of hypothyroidism can easily be confused with those typical of pregnancy.
- Hair thinning and loss
- Feeling cold
- Weight gain
- Lack of appetite
- Dehydration of the skin
- Difficulty concentrating
How to calm the troubles of hypothyroidism in pregnancy
Hyperthyroidism therapy consists in the use of drugs. The classic medical treatment for pregnant patients with hypothyroidism involves the administration of levothyroxine. The therapy must be followed until the normal values of the thyroid hormones in the blood are restored,
To reduce the symptoms of hypothyroidism during pregnancy, we can combine medical treatments with some effective and harmless natural remedies for the health of both the mother and the baby
Hypothyroidism in pregnancy and iodine
Hypothyroidism in pregnancy is generally attributable to an iodine deficiency. This mineral, in fact, is an essential constituent of thyroid hormones and, even if its daily requirement is rather minimal (an adult needs about 140-150 micrograms and a microgram is equivalent to one millionth of a gram), it remains a rare mineral, little widespread in food.
It follows that the first thing to do to avert the risk of hypothyroidism is to make sure that you take the necessary iodine requirement. And in what way?
- Use iodized salt instead of regular table salt.
- Increase your consumption of fish food! Anything that comes from the sea is a good source of iodine
- Consume eggs and dairy products. Eggs, milk, yogurt and cheeses are also foods with a moderate amount of iodine. The same cannot be said for fruit and vegetables ... even if we are talking about foods rich in micronutrients useful for our body
- Moderate your intake of turnips, walnuts and onions. They contain substances (goitrogen) capable of inhibiting the absorption and use of iodine by the body.
- Increase your intake of foods that contain selenium, such as meats, garlic and spinach. The deficiency of this mineral slows down the production processes of thyroid hormones
Hypothyroidism in pregnancy and soy
Avoid taking products that contain soy. Foods with soy may inhibit the stimulation of thyroid hormones, causing them to become imbalanced and promoting the development of goiter. It should be noted that so far there is no scientific evidence of the absolute harmfulness of soy for those suffering from hypothyroidism. In this regard, experts affirm very conflicting opinions.
Hypothyroidism in pregnancy and nutrition
It is essential to follow a balanced diet during pregnancy, regardless of whether you suffer from hypothyroidism or not. Each food provides a quantity of micronutrients necessary for the well-being of the mother and the fetus.
Essential oils, natural oils and fatty acids are essential during pregnancy: they promote the activity of the thyroid gland by stimulating the secretion of thyroid hormones.
They also alleviate the discomfort caused by hypothyroidism during pregnancy. You can naturally get these fatty acids and natural oils through the consumption of nuts and flax seeds. Avocado is also a very suitable food against hypothyroidism.
Proteins help maintain the balance of thyroid hormones. The correct consumption of protein allows the thyroid hormones to take advantage of all the resources necessary to ensure the health of the body. The healthiest proteins can be obtained from nuts, green vegetables and white meats.
Another essential element in pregnancy is folic acid. For further information, please refer to the page "Folic acid, requirement"