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How to raise turtle doves: advice for breeding wild turtledove or eastern collared dove. From reproduction to advice on care.
Turtle dove or domestic turtle dove
When we talk aboutturtledoves, in our imagination the image of the domestic turtledove could materialize. The domestic turtle dove has been raised in aviaries for centuries. It is derived from the pink dove (Streptopelia risoria) and is often confused withwild turtledoveoriginally from Asia but now very common also in our area. Therewild turtledove, Streptopelia decaocto, is better known asturtledove from the oriental collar.
The appearance of the two is similar and, a less experienced eye, could confuse the twoturtledoves. If you have any doubts, know that they can be distinguished (in addition to the verse) also by the color that is slightly more pink on the chest of the domestic dove. More confusion arises from the fact that, inturtle doves farms, there are many domestic turtledoveschanged compared to the ancestral type, that is, selected for different colors.
The instructions forbreeding of wild turtledoveare almost identical to those envisaged fordomestic turtledove. We also remind you that for thedomestic turtledoveno breeding authorization is required.
How to raise turtle doves: size of the aviary
Aaviaryfor thebreedingof theturtledovesit must have a base of at least 2 square meters of flat surface. For example, if it is a rectangle, we can say that 2 meters deep are needed by one meter wide. As for the height, we recommend at least a minimum of 2 meters from the base to the roof. If you build the aviary, you can create an underground brick curb and then leave the entire area in the ground (with all the advantages achieved). From the perimeter curb you can start a 2 × 2 cm square mesh metal mesh. The aviary should be positioned in a sunny area: it is typical behavior, both ofcollared doves(wild) and domestic turtle doves, take sun baths! The best exposure is to the east so the aviary will get the sun in the morning hours. Southern exposure is also fine, a little less suitable for the west and north exposure to be avoided altogether. In addition to the sunny area, a shady area will be needed where the turtledoves can rest.
If you have the possibility, you can incorporate a dry sapling into the aviary, or create well-branched perches. The aviary must not miss:
- a manger (divided into compartments),
- a siphon drinker (diameter of 15 cm)
- a bath tub
- a forage rack
- the nest (just a simple wicker basket with a diameter of 16 - 20 cm and to be stuffed with straw and twigs on the bottom).
The dimensions seen are for raising a pair of turtle doves to take for hatching and reproduction.
How to breed turtle doves, reproduction
Therereproduction of the domestic turtle doveit can take place 7 - 8 times a year but only if the couple is close-knit. The same couple can reproduce from 3 to 6 years.
If your purpose is brooding and breeding, whether it is a wild or domestic turtle dove, choose an already formed and close-knit pair of turtledoves. Pairs should be purchased in January as the breeding season runs from February to October. The nest is set up and, after the female lays the eggs, the hatching is carried out by both even if the female hatches for more hours. The hatching lasts about 14 days.
How to understand if the egg has been fertilized? Look at the shell. The egg, just laid, has a slightly shiny white shell and, after a few days of laying, the eggs can take on an opaque white shade if they have not been fertilized.
Feeding of turtle doves
But what do turtledoves eat? Adults can feed on seed mixes. The richer the blend, the better! What seeds to use? Cracked corn, wheat, green rice grain, canapuccia, canary seed, millet and panic. It is also possible to provide crumbled bread (dry or wet), especially during the weaning phase of the young. At the bottom of the aviary you can also add salad leaves that are not suitable for human consumption (chicory, lettuce, endive, radicchio…).
Theturtledovesas soon as they hatch, they feed exclusively on “dove's milk”, that is, with the secretion from the goiter of the parents. After 10 days you can add some pre-digested grain mash, specially purchased.
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