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The bedsores, or "pressure ulcers," are pain sores that can form when skin and soft tissue press on a harder surface, such as a chair or bed, for an extended time.
This pressure is able to reduce the flow of blood to that area, and the lack of blood can in turn damage or lead to death the skin tissue of the affected area. Unfortunately, when this happens, the bedsore.
People who are most at risk of developing a pressure ulcer are:
- spend most of the day in a bed or chair with minimal movement of their body;
- are overweight or underweight;
- they are unable to control the bowel or bladder;
- they decreased the sensitivity of an area of the body;
- they spend a lot of time in one location.
Evidently, in all these cases, and with all these risk factors, it will be necessary to take the appropriate corrective measures in order to prevent bedsores. But what are they?
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How to prevent bedsores
To prevent bedsores It is first of all necessary to check your body very often, paying particular attention to the areas where pressure ulcers often form, namely:
- heels and ankles;
- vertebral column;
- shoulders and shoulder blades;
- back of the head;
In case the first ones appear signs of pressure sores, it will be essential to contact your doctor. Such symptoms are:
- redness of the skin;
- spongy or hard skin;
- formation of overlaps in the skin.
How to treat pressure sores
In the event that the bedsores, the area affected by the phenomenon must be treated with great delicacy.
When washing, it is good to use a soft sponge or cloth, without rubbing deeply. Use a moisturizing and protective skin cream every day, and carefully clean and dry the areas under the breasts and groin. Don't use talcum powder or strong soaps and try not to bathe or shower every day, as this can dry out your skin more.
Eat enough calories and protein to stay healthy and ensure the best hydration by drinking plenty of water every day. Make sure your clothes don't increase your risk of developing pressure ulcers:
- avoid clothes with thick seams, buttons or zippers that press on the skin;
- do not wear too tight clothes;
- prevent clothing from bunching or puckering in areas where a fair amount of pressure is exerted on the body.
Bedsores if using a wheelchair
If you are using a wheelchair it is good to make sure that this accessory is of the right size and ask your doctor or physiotherapist to check this measure at least once or twice a year.
If you gain weight, ask your doctor or physiotherapist to check how your wheelchair fits and if you feel pressure at any point, always have the device checked.
We also remind you that it would be advisable to shift your weight in the wheelchair every 15 - 20 minutes, because this will take the pressure off some areas and maintain the correct blood flow. It will be enough to lean forward or to one side, and then alternate.
Bedsores if you are in bed
If instead he has been in bed for a long time, use a foam mattress or one filled with gel or air. Place the pads under the bottom to absorb moisture and keep the skin dry.
Use a soft pillow or a piece of soft foam between the parts of the body that press against each other or against the mattress. When lying on your side, place a pillow or foam between your knees and ankles. When you are lying on your back, place a pillow under your heels, under the sacrum area, under the shoulders and shoulder blades, under the elbows.
Of course, in order to have more information, we recommend that you talk to your referring doctor, the only operator who will be able to share with you, on the basis of the specific case, what to do.
Equally naturally, in the event of the first signs of pressure sores, avoid underestimating this phenomenon, because although if treated promptly the sores can “reabsorb”, if neglected they can turn into a very painful and debilitating problem for the patient.