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A research conducted byStandford University and published in the magazine Nature reveals that global warming will increase the risk of wars within countries.
The correlation between climate variability and armed conflicts has been under study for several years now. Recent research estimates that the climate has influenced between 3 and 20 percent of the outbreak of wars over the last century. But as experts say, this percentage is likely to rise exponentially.
Climate and armed conflicts
According to scholars, in one scenario of four degrees centigrade more, which roughly corresponds to the path we are taking in the absence of significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, the impact of climate on wars will grow more than five times. All this will translate into an increase in armed conflicts equal to 26%.
The extreme climate can damage economies, decrease the agricultural production and animal husbandry and intensify inequalities between social groups. These aspects, when combined with other conflict factors, can in turn amplify the degree of violence.
To better understand the role played by climate in wars, the analysis included interviews and debates between experts in political science, environmental science, economics and other fields. Scholars agree that climate change has impacted organized armed conflicts of recent decades. However, they clarify that other factors, such as low socio-economic development, the work of governments and social inequalities.However, climate change constitutes an undeniable central element for the many consequences they cause, starting from the unavailability of raw materials up to migrations. An example above all: the internal struggles conducted for the procurement of water resources, which in the future will become increasingly limited precisely because of global warming.
The water war
For the water you fight and die. There World Bank documented 507 conflicts arising from the control of water resources. As estimated by the United Nations, by 2030 as many as 47% of the world population will live in areas with high water stress.
In a planet that will be more and more populated in the years to come, it is likely that there will be an amplification of the so-called Water Wars, wars and i conflicts fought for water control.
Considering that the current data confirm that the climatic changes currently experienced know no precedent in human history, we certainly cannot sleep peacefully. Time is running out.